Husbandry Resources

Welcome to the animal husbandry guidelines, a resource we hope is valuable to keepers around the world.

Please note that the guidelines and manuals listed are to provide guidance and as such should not be followed verbatim and may not be applicable to every situation.

We would like to keep this area as current as possible. If you have any husbandry guidelines or any concerns with those provided, please contact eo@aszk.org.au.

Click on a tab below to view guidelines for that category.

 

We currently do not have all listed husbandry manuals online as the website that supports them is temporarily down. We are attempting to rectify this as soon as possible.

General

AZA Wildlife Contraception Center

Monotremata (Monotremes)

Tachyglossidae (Echidnas)

Hand Rearing Echidnas by Lynda Staker.

Platypus Husbandry Manual

Stephen Jackson (ed) (2001).

Marsupialia (Marsupials)

Dasyuridae (Antechinus, Quolls, Phascogales, Tasmanian Devil etc.)

Kultarr

Attard, T. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Mulgara Husbandry Manual Dasycercus cristicuada

Wes Caton, Alice Springs Desert Park 2007

Red-tailed Phascogale Phascogale calura Husbandry Manual

Wes Caton, Alice Springs Desert Park, 2006.

Tasmanian Devil Husbandry Manual

ASMP M&M Tag Working Group (2005).

Contact: Androo Kelly

PO Box 183

Mole Creek, Tasmania, 7304,

Australia

Phone: + 613 6363 6162

Fax: + 613 6367 6213

Tasmanian Devil

Scandizzo, V. & Coupland, C. (2005)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Fat-Tailed Dunnart

Walker, K. (2012)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW

Peramelidae.

Long-Nosed Bandicoot

Maher, C. (2006)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Phascolarctidae (Koala)

Koala Captive Husbandry Guidelines

Stephen Jackson (ed) (2000).

Southern Hairy-nosed Wombat Husbandry Manual

Southern Bettong

Donna Treby (2005).

A Guide to the Care of Common Wombats

Linda Dennis and Kim Rolls (2006).

Wombat Husbandry Manual

Donna Treby.

Phalangeridae (Possums and Cuscuses)

Possum Husbandry

Pygmy-possums

Common Brush Tailed Possum

Smith, E. (2005)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Pygmy possum

Forsdick, M. (2010)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Common Ringtail Possums

Casey Poolman

Open Colleges

Potoroidae (Bettongs & Potoroos)

Rufous Bettong

Carson, N. (2006)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Brush Tailed Bettong

Wright, S. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Southern Bettong

Tuthill, L. (2011)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Long Nosed Potoroo

Piipari, L. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Petauridae (Gliders)

Yellow-Bellied Glider

Carroll, L. (2005)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Trudgeon, M. (2006)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Macropodidae (Wallabies & Kangaroos)

Agile Wallaby

Sadler, S. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Bridled Nailtail Wallaby

Phillips, R. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Northern Nailtail Wallaby

Engstrom, E. (2012)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Southern Brush-tail Rock-Wallaby

Kunz, A. (2011)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Tree Kangaroo (Nutrition Chapter)

Edwards, M.S. & Ward, A. (2001).

In: Tree Kangaroo Species Survival Plan.

J. Steenberg and J. Blessington (eds) (revised 2001).

Goodfellow’s Tree Kangaroo

Domenique, D. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Macropod Husbandry

Bats in Captivity

Susan M. Barnard (1995).

A comprehensive book on the maintenance of Bats in captivity.

AZA Bat Taxon Advisory Group. The Lubee Foundation Inc.

Dana LeBlanc and Susan Barnard.

Fruit Bat (Nutrition Chapter)

Demspey J.L. and S.D. Crissey (1995).

In: Fruit Bat Husbandry Manual, N. Fascione, (ed).

AZA Bat Taxon Advisory Group. The Lubee Foundation Inc.

Paper : The Successful Hand Rearing of Two Orphaned Vampire Bats

(Desmodus rotundus)

Susan M. Barnard & Nancy Sachs (1992).

Spectacled Flying Fox

Smith, E. (2005)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Grey Headed Flying Fox

Griffiths, M. (2005)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Ghost bat

Jones, K. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Lorisine Husbandry Manual

Helena Fitch-Snyder and Helga Schulze (eds) (2001).

Published by the Center for Reproduction of Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego, Box 551,

San Diego, CA 92112-0551, USA.

Lemuridae (Lemurs)

Ring-tailed Lemur (Nutrition Chapter)

Mowry, C.B. and J.L. Campbell (2001).

In: Ring-tailed Lemur Husbandry Manual.

American Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

Black and White Ruffed Lemur

Macgillivray, C (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

White Fronted Brown Lemur

Quine, H. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Ring-Tailed Lemur

Taylor, K. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Indriidae (Avahi, Sifakas and Indri)

Email eo@aszk.org.au

Daubentoniidae (Aye-ayes)

Email eo@aszk.org.au

Tarsidae (Tarsiers)

Philippine Tarsier Husbandry Manual (Draft)

Amanda S. Embury (1993).

Cebidae (marmosets, tamarins, capuchins, and squirrel monkeys)

Common Marmoset

Freeburn, S. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

White Fronted Capuchin

Littlefield, K. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Black Capped Capuchin

Honeysett, J. (2006)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Callitrichids (Nutrition Chapter)

Crissey, S.D., Lintzenich, B. and K. Slifka (1998).

Diets for callitrichids � management guidelines.

In: AZA Callitrichid Husbandry Manual,

American Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

Cotton-top Tamarin Husbandry Manual (English version)

Savage, A. (ed) (1995).

Roger Williams Park Zoo, Providence, RI, USA.

Cotton-top Tamarin Husbandry Manual (Spanish version)

Savage, A. (ed) (1995).

Roger Williams Park Zoo, Providence, RI, USA.

Cotton-top Tamarin (Nutrition Chapter)

Savage, A. (1995).

In: Cotton top tamarin � Husbandry Manual. Savage, A. (ed.).

Roger Williams Park Zoo, Providence, RI, USA.

Golden Lion Tamarin (Nutrition Chapter)

Compiled by the Golden Lion Tamarin Management Committee

with the Assistance of Beate Rettberg-Beck. (Revised June, 1996).

Cercopithecidae (Old World Monkeys)

Hamadryas Baboon

Turner, L. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Hylobatidae (Gibbons)

White Handed Gibbon

Miller, S. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Siamang

Riley, B. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Pongidae (Great Apes)

Gorilla (Nutrition Chapter)

Popovich, D.G. and E.S. Dierenfeld (1997)

In: Management of Gorillas in Captivity: Husbandry Manual,

Gorilla Species Survival Plan. J. Ogden and D. Wharton, (eds).

American Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

Chimpanzee (Nutrition Chapter)

Fulk, R., M. Loomis and C. Garland (1992).

In: The care and management of chimpanzees in captive environments.

Chimpanzee Species Survival Plan � Husbandry Manual.

Fulk, R. and C. Garland (eds). American Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

Orangutan (Nutrition Chapter)

Dierenfeld, E.S. (1997).

In: Orangutan SSP Husbandry Manual.C. Sodaro (ed).

Orangutan SSP and Brookfield Zoo, Brookfield, Illinois, USA.

Orangutan SSP Husbandry Manual

Carol Sodaro (ed) (2008).

Orangutan Guidelines

Leif Cocks (2001).

Guidelines for the Housing and Management of Orang utans (Pongo pygmaeus and Pongo abeli).

Facility Requirements for Orang-utans: A resource guide ASMP Primate TAG (2004).

Myrmecophagidae (Anteaters)

Email eo@aszk.org.au

Dasypodidae (Armadillos)

Email eo@aszk.org.au

Dinomyidae (Pacarana)

Email eo@aszk.org.au

Dasyproctidae (Agoutis, Pacas)

Email eo@aszk.org.au

Chinchillidae (Viscachas, Chinchillas)

Email eo@aszk.org.au

Capromyidae (Hutias, Nutria)

Email eo@aszk.org.au

Bathyergidae (African Mole Rats)

Canidae (Dogs, Wolves, Coyotees, Jackals, Foxes)

Large and Medium Canid Minimum Guidelines

Jack Grisham1, Roland Smith2 & Chuck Brady3

1 Oklahoma City Zoological Park,

2101 NE 50 St., Oklahoma City, OK 73111, USA.

2 Point Defiance Zoo and Aquarium,

5400 North Pearl St., Tacoma, WA 98407, USA.

3Memphis Zoological Garden and Aquarium,

2000 Galloway Ave., Memphis, TN 38112, USA.

Small Canid Minimum Guidelines

David Anderson1 & Melissa Rodden2

1San Francisco Zoological Gardens,

1 Zoo Road, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA.

African Wild Dog (Nutrition Chapter)

Pribyl, L. and S. Crissey (1999).

Diets for African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) � management guidelines.

In: African Wild Dog SSP – Husbandry Manual.

American Association of Zoos and Aquariums

2 National Zoological Park,

Conservation and Research Center,

1500 Remount Road, Front Royal, VA 22630, USA.

Allen, M.E. (1995).

Maned wolf nutritional management.

In: Husbandry Manual for the Maned Wolf, Chrysocyon brachyurus.

N.B. Fletchall, M. Rodden and S. Taylor, (eds).

American Association of Zoos and Aquariums

Mexican Gray Wolf (Nutrition Chapter)

Newton, K. (1995).

In: Mexican Wolf Husbandry Manual.

Mexican Wolf SSP Management Group.

American Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

Red Wolf (Nutrition Chapter)

Waddell, W. (1998).

In: Red Wolf Husbandry Manual Guidelines for Captive Management.

Red Wolf SSP Management Group,

American Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

Management of the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) in Captivity

Jessica Adams & Andrew Miller.

Ursidae (Bears, Pandas)

Brown Bear

Lorenzo, S. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Giant Panda Husbandry Manual

Dr. Devra Kleinman (2003).

National Zoo.

Giant Panda Management

Kathy Hawk (2003).

National Zoo.

Giant Panda Nutrition

John Updike (2003).

National Zoo.

Giant Panda Veterinary Management

Donald Janssen 1, Bruce Rideout 1 & Zhang Zhizhe 2 (2003).

1 Zoological Society of San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.

2 Research Base of the Giant Panda, Chengdu, China.

Procyonidae (Racoons & relatives)

Red Panda (Nutrition Chapter)

Miles Roberts and Angela Glatston (2001).

Red Panda SSP/ International Red Panda Management Group.

Asian Small-clawed Otter (Nutrition Chapter)

Maslanka, M.T. and S.D. Crissey (1998).

In: Asian Small-Clawed Otter Husbandry Manual.

D. Lombardi and J. O’Connor (eds).

American Association of Zoos and Aquarium.

European Mink Captive Breeding and Husbandry Protocol

Tiit Maran & Paul Robinson (1996).

European Mink Conservation & Breeding Committee,

Tallinn Zoological Gardens, Tallinn, Estonia.

Hyaenidae (Aardwolf, Hyenas)

Hyena and Aardwolf Minimum Guidelines

Alan Shoemaker (1) & Mike Dulaney (2) (undated).

(1) Riverbanks Zoological Park, PO Box 1060, Columbia,

SC 29202, USA.

(2) Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden, 3400 Vine St.,

Cincinnati, OH 45220, USA.

Felidae (Cats)

Guidelines for Keeping Large Felids in Captivity

Shoemaker, A.H., Maruska, E.J. and R. Rockwell (1997).

Minimum Husbandry Guidelines for Mammals: Large Felids.

American Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

Standards for Keeping Small Felids in Captivity

Mellen, J.D. (1997).

Minimum Husbandry Guidelines for Mammals: Small Felids.

American Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

African Lion

Hillerman, A-M. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW

Tiger (Nutrition Chapter)

Dierenfeld, E.S., Bush, M., Phillips, L. and R. Montali (1994).

Nutrition, Food Preparation and Feeding.

In: Management and Conservation of Captive Tigers.

R. Tilson, G. Brady, K. Traylor-Holzer and D. Armstrong (eds).

Minnesota Zoo: Apple Valley, Minnesota.

AZA Elephant Standards

AZA (updated 2003).

Hyracoidea (Hyraxes)

Email eo@aszk.org.au

Equidae (Horses, Zebras, Asses)

Email eo@aszk.org.au

Tapiridae (Tapirs)

Tapir Husbandry Guidelines (English and other languages version)

Alan H. Shoemaker, Rick Barongi, Joe Flanagan, & Don Janssen (2003).

Rhinocerotidae (Rhinoceroses)

Rhino (Nutrition Chapter)

Dierenfeld, E.S. (1996).

In: Rhinoceros SSP Husbandry Manual.

Fort Worth Zoological Park, Fort Worth, Texas, USA.

Dugongidae (Dugongs)

Evans, F. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW

Suidae (Pigs, Hogs)

Babirusa (Nutrition Chapter)

Leus, K., Morgan, C.A. and E.S. Dierenfeld (2001).

In: Babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa) Husbandry Manual. M. Fischer, Ed. American Association of Zoos and Aquariums

Hippopotamidae (Hippopotamuses)

Email eo@aszk.org.au

Camelidae (Camels, Guanaco, Llama, Alpaca, Vicuna)

Arabian Camel

Moretti, J. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Cervidae (Deer)

Spotted Deer

Moran, H. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Hog Deer

Blanch, E. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Giraffidae (Okapi, Giraffe)

Giraffe Husbandry Manual

Lorraine Jolly (2003).

ljolly@zoo.org.au

Giraffe Hand-rearing Protocols

Janet Gamble (1999).

Dubbo Zoo, NSW, Australia.

Okapi (Nutrition Chapter)

Crissey, S., Dierenfeld, E.S., Kanselaar, J., Leus, K. and J. Nijboer (2001).

Okapi (Okapia johnstoni) SSP Feeding Guidelines.

American Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

Bovidae (Antelopes, Cattle, Bison, Buffalo, Goats, Sheep)

Common Eland

Harris, H. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Antelope and Gazelle Minimum Husbandry Guidelines

Russell Smith, David Ruhter, Joseph Flanagan, Tammery Olsen, John Iaderosa, Randy Fulk & Terrie Correll (1997).

Wild Cattle – AZA Husbandry Standards

Water Buffalo

Sheehan, J. (2011)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Barbary Sheep

Altin, R. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Muridae (Rats and mice)

Plains Rat Pseudomys australis Husbandry Manual

Peter Nunn, Alice Springs Desert park 2006.

New Holland Mouse Husbandry Manual

Melbourne Zoo 2007.

Greater Stick Nest Rat Leporillis conditor Husbandry manual

Jenny Proctor, Alice springs Desert park 2007.

Panthera tigris

Rachael Baker

Western Institute of Sydney 2006.

Persion Onager

Kristie Klaassens.

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE.

Common Hippopotamus

Rebecca Jones

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE

Brazilian Tapir

Madelaine Louise Hall.

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE.

General

AZA Amphibian Husbandry Resource Guide 2008

Edited by Vicky A. Poole, National Aquarium in Baltimore and Shelly Grow, Association of Zoos & Aquariums.

New. A Manual For Control of Infectious Diseases in Amphibian Survival Assurance Colonies and Reintroduction Programs.

Proceedings from a Workshop: 16–18 February 2009. San Diego Zoo.

Hylidae

Green Tree Frog

Harper, B. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE NSW.

Leiopelmatidae (New Zealand Frogs)

Native Frog Captive Husbandry Manual

Webster, N. (2004) (1st draft).

Department of Conservation, New Zealand.

Myobactrachidae

Southern Corroboree Frog

Richards, N. (2007)

Western Sydney institute of TAFE, NSW.

Pipidae (Tongueless Frogs)

Xenopus spp. Husbandry

(Unknown) Revised 2004.

Blue Ringed Octopus

Hayter, L. (2005)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Mourning Cuttlefish

McDonald, K. (2011)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Lord Howe Island Stick Insect Husbandry Manual

Patrick Honan

Melbourne Zoo

Contact invertebrates@zoo.org.auto obtain full version.

Frégate Island Giant Tenebrionid Beetle Management Guidelines

Amanda Ferguson and Paul Pearce-Kelly (2004).

Invertebrate Conservation Unit,

Zoological Society of London, Regent’s Park, London NW1 4RY

Tel: + 44 20 7449 6470

Fax: + 44 20 7722 5390

E-mail: amanda.ferguson@zsl.orgor paul.pearce-kelly@zsl.org

Goliath Stick Insect

Cox, T. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Rolling, Rolling, Rolling…Captive Breeding of the Dung Beetle, Canthon imitator

Erin M. Sullivan (undated).

Insect Keeper, Woodland Park Zoo.

Keeping Tarantulas

British Tarantula Society Website.

Exotic Tarantulas

Tarantulas

Pasaila, N. (2005).

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Funnel Web Spider

Battishill, V. (2008).

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Wolf Spider

Gane, A. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Rearing

Handraising Exotic Animals

Janet Gamble (1997).

Includes;

Cape Hunting Dog, Maned Wolf & Dingo,

Bison, Domestic (Scottish Highland), Banteng,

Water Buffalo, Eland, Sitatunga, Scimitar-Horned Oryx, Nilgai, Indian Antelope, Barbary Sheep, Giraffe,

Chital, Sambar, Red, Fallow & White-Tail Deer,

Wapiti, Dromedary Camel, Guanaco & Alpaca,

Hippopotamus, Zebra, Persian Onager & Przewalski Horse.

White & Black Rhinoceros, Tapir, African Elephant,

Cheetah, Tiger, Asiatic Lion, Capybara & Patagonian Cavy

Collared Peccary, White-Handed Gibbon & Siamang,

Spider & Patas Monkey, Ring Tail & Black And White Ruffed Lemur, Meerkat, Ostrich, Rhea & Emu.

Hand-Rearing of Small Felids

Penny Andrews (2003).

Hexagon Farm Wild Feline Breeding Facility.

Ramphastids – Artificial Incubation and Hand Rearing

Bruce Bolbock & Barbara Bolbock (2001).

Ramphastid Conservancy, Dripping Springs, Texas.

Ramphastids – Artificial Incubation and Hand Rearing

Bruce Bolbock & Barbara Bolbock (2001).

Ramphastid Conservancy, Dripping Springs, Texas

Hand Rearing Echidnas by Lynda Staker

Milk replacement formulas – USA

Hand rearing supplies mammals and birds etc – Australia

Training

Disney Animal Kingdom training website

Enrichment

Enrichment Online

Fort Worth Zoo

Hundreds of tested enrichment methods.

Other Enrichment guidelines & articles can be found at;

Shape of Enrichment

This website contains general information about enrichment, about the international conference, video library, purchase of subscription to Shape of Enrichment journal, conference proceedings and other references, links to other enrichment websites etc. Contact: Val Hare – hare@enrichment.org.

Regional Environmental Enrichment Conferences

This website originated in UK and is designed to promote the holding of regional conferences around the world. Contact: Julian Chapman: jchapman@paigntonzoo.org.uk.

Disney Animal Kingdom Enrichment website

This website gives a comprehensive guide to planning, implementation and evaluation of enrichment.

General

Hygiene Protocols

Hygiene Protocols for the prevention and control of diseases (particularly Beak & Feather Disease) in Australian Birds.

Cassowary Husbandry Manual

Captive Management Guidelines for the Southern Cassowary

2013 – James Biggs Cairns Tropical Zoo.

Cassowary Husbandry Manual 2

L. Romer (ed) (1997).

Contact slromer@bigpond.com

Dromaiidae (Emu)

Swarbrick, K. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Tadorninae (Sheldgeese, Shelducks, and Steamer Ducks)

Cape Barren Goose

Reeve-Parker, L. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Plumed Whistling Duck

McCray, J. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Curassow Husbandry Protocol

William Trey Todd, Rochelle Plasse & Christopher Eckart (1992).

Houston Zoo.

Spheniscidae (Penguins)

Little Penguin

Williams, L. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Penguin Husbandry Manual

Crissey, S. and McGill, P. (1994).

In: Penguin Husbandry Manual.

Phoenicopteridae (Flamingos).

Flamingo Husbandry Guidelines

Editors: Chris Brown, AZA Ciconiiformes TAG, Dallas Zoo &

Catherine King, EAZA Ciconiiformes/Phoenicopteriformes EEP, Rotterdam Zoo (2005).

Copy Editors: Sherry Mossbarger, Avian Research Technician, Dallas Zoo & Janelle Barron, Management Assistant, Dallas Zoo.

A Joint Effort of the AZA and EAZA in Cooperation With WWT.

Square-Tailed Kite

Hutchings, J. (2011)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Gruidae (Cranes)

Crane Husbandry

David H. Ellis, George F. Gee & Claire M. Mirande (eds) (1996).

Cranes: their biology, husbandry and conservation. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Biological Service, Washington, DC and International Crane Foundation, Baraboo, Wisconsin. 1996. xii, 308 p.

Cranes – General Husbandry

Swengel, R.S. and J.W. Carpenter (2000).

In: Cranes: their biology, husbandry and conservation.

Crane Socialisation Manual

International Crane Foundation (2001).

Brolga Husbandry Manual

Lynda Veyret, Brolga Species Coordinator,Territory Wildlife Park, Northern Territory, Australia.

Otididae (Bustards)

Kori Bustard Husbandry Manual

Sara Hallager & Jeanette Boylan (eds) (2004).

Burhinidae (Thick-knees)

Bush Stone-curlew Husbandry Manual

Lindell Andrews (2000).

Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)

Wompoo Fruit-Dove

Gorman, I. (2011)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Emerald Dove

Brown, J. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Cacatuidae (Cockatoos)

Major Mitchell’s Cockatoo

Carver, J. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Galah

Scamell, C. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Long-Billed Corella

Oosthoek, F. (2010)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Yellow Tailed Black Cockatoo

Harris, L. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Red Tailed Black Cockatoo

Bennett, S. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Palm Cockatoo Husbandry Manual

Donna Treby (2004).

Cacatua spp

Dr John O’Brien

Lorinae (Lorikeets)

Musk Lorikeet

Kuc, D. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Rainbow Lorikeet

Klarich, R. (2011)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Psittacidae (Parrots)

Red-browed Amazon Husbandry Manual (Nutrition Chapter)

Paul Reillo, Ph.D. (ed) (2003).

Blue & Gold Macaw

Fulton, S. (2005)

Western Sydney institute of TAFE, NSW.

St. Lucia Parrot Species Management Guidelines

Ziegler N. (2000).

Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust, Jersey, United Kingdom.

Thick-billed Parrot Management Guidelines

Ziegler N. (2000).

Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust, Jersey, United Kingdom.

Contact: Mag. Nadja Ziegler,

Marktgasse 62/2/9, A-1090 Vienna, Austria.

E-mail: nadja.ziegler@usa.net

Fig Parrot Husbandry Manual (draft).

Liz Romer (2000).

Healesville Sanctuary

Contact Jocelyn Hockley jhockley@zoo.org.au.

Princess Parrot

Flew, S. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Superb Parrot

Naylor, K. (2005)

Western Sydney institute of TAFE, NSW.

Tytonidae (Barn & Grass Owls)

Podargidae (Frogmouths)

Tawny Frogmouth

Snow, J. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)

Hummingbird Husbandry Guidelines

Karen Krebbs, Dave Rimlinger & Michael Mace (2002).

Meropidae

Rainbow Bee Eater

Webb, J. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Coraciiformes (Hornbills, Kingfishers, Bee-eaters, Mot Mots, Rollers, Hoopoes)

AZA Coraciiformes Taxon Advisory Group Website.

Micronesian Kingfisher (Nutrition Chapter)

S. Crissey and B. Toddes (1997).

In: Micronesian Kingfisher Species Survival Plan Husbandry Manual. B. Bahner, A. Baltz and E. Diebold (eds).

Kingfisher Husbandry Manual

Glen Holland & Liz Romer (undated).

Bucerotidae (Hornbills)

Hornbill Management and Husbandry Guidelines

Wieke Galama, Catherine King & Koen Brouwer (2002).

Contact: Koen Brouwer

E-mail: koen.brouwer@nvdzoos.nl.

Southern Pied Hornbill Breeding

John A. Ellis (undated).

Ramphastidae (Toucans)

Toco Toucan Husbandry Manual

Bob Seibels & Martin Vince (2001).

Riverbanks Zoo.

Chessington World of Adventures.

Passerine families

Meliphagidae (Honeyeaters & Allies)

Yellow-tufted Honeyeaters (L.m. cassidix & L.m. gippslandicus) Husbandry Manual

Denise Krake and Jim Thomas (2000).

Blue-faced Honeyeater

Masters, K. (2012)

Western Sydney institute of TAFE, NSW.

Corvidae (Crows, Jays & Allies)

Corvid Husbandry and Management

Ted Fox (2003).

Bird Collection Manager, Rosamond Gifford Zoo.

Artamidae (Woodswallows).

White-Browed Woodswallow

Oats, L. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Paradisaeidae (Birds-of-Paradise)

Magnificent Bird of Paradise

(Development and Growth Weights)

J. Mejeur (1998).

Timaliidae (Babblers)

Babbler Husbandry and Management

Jimmy Pichner (2003).

Minnesota Zoo, 13000 Zoo Blvd, Apple Valley, MN 55124, USA.

Zosteropidae (White-eyes)

Japanese White-eye Biological Profile

Bill McDowell (2003).

Audubon Zoo.

Muscicapidae (Old World Flycatchers & Chats)

Verditer flycatcher Husbandry Manual

Martin Vince (2003).

Flycatcher Interest Committee.

Sturnidae (Starlings & Mynas)

Sturnid Husbandry Manual

Greg Bockheim & Susan Congdon (2001).

Bali Mynah Husbandry Guidelines (Nutrition Chapter)

Dierenfeld, E.S. (1995)

In: Husbandry guidelines for the Bali Mynah (Leucopsar

rothschildi), J. Pichner (ed).

Emberizidae (Sparrows & Old World Buntings)

Red-crested Cardinal Manual

Josef Lindholm, Cameron Park Zoo.

Estrildidae (Waxbills)

Pictorella Mannikin Husbandry Manual

David Pacer (1997).

Green Catbird

Adrian Good.

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, Richmond.

Painted Finch

Mark Spain.

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE.

Elasmobranch Husbandry Manual

(Captive Care of Sharks, Rays and their Relatives)

Smith, M., D. Warmolts, D. Thoney, and R. Hueter (eds) (2004).

Special Publication of the Ohio Biological Survey. xv + 600 p.

Seahorse Husbandry and Propogation

Robert A. Burhans and Debbie Melechinsky (undated).

White’s Sea Horse

Pitargue, K. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Captive management of mudfish Neochanna (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) spp.

Brown Banded Bamboo Shark

Witcomb, K. (2011)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Reptiles

Crocodylidae (Crocodiles)

Fresh Water Crocodile

Manson, L. (2010)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Testudinidae (Tortoises)

Indian Star Tortoise

Draper, C. (2010)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Chelidae (Turtles)

Eastern Snake-necked Turtle

Host, B. (2006)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Eastern Clemmys Turtle Husbandry

Dennis W. Herman (1991).

Sauria (Lizards, Monitors, Geckoes, Worm Lizards etc.)

Agamidae (Dragons)

Water Dragons

Hosking, C. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Cane Grass Dragon Husbandry Manual

Jochem van der Reijden 2008

Alice Springs Desert Park.

Gekkonidae (Geckos)

Southern Leaf-Tailed Gecko

Lezzi, A. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Scincidae (Skinks)

Shingleback Lizard

Titmuss, A. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Iguanidae (Iguanas)

Fijian Crested Iguana

Reidpath, D. (2006)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Rhinoceros Iguana

Candy, C. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Green Iguana

Dowling, A. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Varanidae (Monitor Lizards)

Short-Tailed Monitor

Standen, W. (2007)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Perentie

Ryman, R. (2009)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Ophidia (Snakes, Boas, Pythons, Vipers etc.)

Boidae (Boas and Pythons)

Woma Python

Gildon, S. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Spotted Python

Powe, L. (2011)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Colubridae

Elapidae

Broad-Headed Snake

Morris, C. (2008)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.

Tiger Snake

Mostyn, J. (2006)

Western Sydney Institute of TAFE, NSW.